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Battle of Leipzig

The Battle of Leipzig or Battle of the Nations was a battle between Napoleon I and his army and an allied force of several nations. It happened on October 16-19 in 1813. Napoeon’s army had been defeated and depleted in the French invasion of Russ ...

Battle of Little Round Top

The Battle of Little Round Top was part of the Battle of Gettysburg. It occurred on July 2, 1863. The troops under Joshua Chamberlain, the 20th Maine, formed the left flank for the Confederate troops. They repelled several charges by the Confeder ...

Battle of Manzikert

The Battle of Manzikert, or Malazgirt. Its result was one of the most decisive defeats of the Byzantine Empire and the capture of the Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes. The Battle of Manzikert played an important role in breaking the Byzantin ...

Battle of Messines

The Battle of Messines was a battle which happened in the Western front of the First World War. It began on 7 June 1917 when the British Second Army, which was commanded by General Herbert Plumer, attacked near the village of Mesen in West Flande ...

Battle of Miani

The Battle of Miani was a battle between British forces under Sir Charles Napier and the Talpur rulers of Sindh.

Battle of Mutina

The Battle of Mutina took place on 21 April 43 BC between the forces loyal to the Senate under Consuls Gaius Vibius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius, supported by the legions of Caesar Octavian, and the Caesarian legions of Mark Antony which were besiegin ...

Battle of Polygon Wood

The Battle of Polygon Wood was a small battle that took place in World War I. It happened during the second part of the Battle of Passchendaele. Most of the battle was fought in an area named Polygon Wood, near Ypres, Belgium.

Battle of Princeton

The Battle of Princeton was a battle during the American Revolution. It was fought in January of 1777 near Princeton, New Jersey. The battle came a week after the Battle of Trenton, where General George Washington had led the Continental Army to ...

Battle of Rhandeia

The Battle of Rhandeia was a battle fought between Armenia and Parthia against the Roman Empire. It was fought just after the Mithridatic Wars. The Romans were led by Lucius Caesennius Paetus. They were defeated by the Parthian-Armenian army led ...

Battle of Rimini (1944)

The Battle of Rimini was a battle during World War II. It happened between 13 and 21 September 1944 in Rimini in Italy. The battle was part of Operation Olive. This was the main Allied attack on the Gothic Line in August and September 1944. This ...

Battle of Santa Rosa

The Battle of Santa Rosa was a battle between the forces of Costa Rica and those of Nicaragua. It was one of the most important battles in the history of Costa Rica. The battle took place on March 20, 1856 at Santa Rosa, Costa Rica.

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was part of the Overland Campaign of the American Civil War. It was fought from May 8 to May 21, 1864. After the Battle of the Wilderness, Union commander Ulysses S. Grant decided to march south to get betwe ...

Battle of the Badlands

The Battle of the Badlands was fought in Dakota Territory, in what is now western North Dakota, between the United States army led by Brigadier general Alfred Sully and the Lakota, Yanktonai, and the Dakota Indian tribes. The battle was fought Au ...

Battle of the Catalaunian Plains

The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains was a battle in 451 AD. It took place in Chalons-sur-Marne, in northeast Gaul. Roman legions commanded by Flavius Aetius allied with Visigoth soldiers led by Theodoric I, to defeat the armies of Attila the Hun ...

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was a battle that happened on September 13, 1759. It was part of the French and Indian War, which was part of the big Seven Years War. The Plains of Abraham are close to the Saint Lawrence River in Quebec City. ...

Battle of Verdun

The Battle of Verdun was a battle of the First World War. It started when the German Fifth Army attacked French positions, near Verdun, on February 21, 1916. It ended on December 18 of that year but the front line had not changed very much. Both ...

Battle of Vimy Ridge

The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a World War I battle fought in 1917 near Arras in northern France. From the fall of 1914 until 1917 the German army held this eight kilometre-long ridge. From there they could see the Allied trenches for miles in all ...

Battle of Whitestone Hill

The Battle of Whitestone Hill was the culmination of the 1863 operations against the Sioux Indians in Dakota Territory. Brigadier General Alfred Sully attacked a village September 3–5, 1863. The Native Americans in the village included Yanktonai, ...

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were between British soldiers, who wanted to take away the colonists weapons and to arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams on the way to Conc ...

Bavand dynasty

The Bavand dynasty was an Iranian dynasty that began in the early 7th century. Its rulers reigned for about 700 years over Tabaristan, on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. The name of the dynasty comes from Bav, who ruled from 651 to 665. He ...

Belarusian Peoples Republic

The Belarusian Peoples Republic, historically called the White Ruthenian Democratic Republic, was a self-declared independent Belarusian state. They said they were independent in 1918. It is also called the Belarusian Democratic Republic or the B ...

Belfast Agreement

The Belfast Agreement, also known as the Good Friday Agreement, was a political agreement in the Northern Ireland peace process during The Troubles. It was signed in Belfast on 10 April 1998 by the British and Irish governments and it was support ...

Belgian Congo

Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in central Africa. It was formed in 1908. The government of Belgium took over the previously separate kingdom of Belgiums monarch Leopold II; the Congo Free State. Today it is called the Democratic Republic of t ...

Belgian Revolution

The Belgian Revolution was the secession of the Southern provinces from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. It made an independent Kingdom of Belgium. The people of the southern part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands were mostly Roman C ...

Belzec extermination camp

Belzec, was the first of the World War II Nazi German extermination camps created under Operation Reinhard. This was a key part of Hitlers "Final Solution". Hitler wanted to kill all of Europes 11 million Jews. The camp operated from 17 March 194 ...

Bengal Presidency

The Bengal Presidency was a colonial region of British India; it was made up of undivided Bengal. This area of Bengal is today split into Bangladesh as well as following states of India: Bihar Orissa Assam Tripura Meghalaya West Bengal However th ...

Joseph Berchtold

Joseph Berchtold, a former salesman who sold office products, became Reichsfuhrer SS after Julius Schreck in 1926. Berchtold was in the World War I and had the rank of second lieutenant at the end of the war. In 1920 he joined the NSDAP and in 19 ...

Bhopal State

Bhopal State) was an independent state of 18th century India. It was founded in 1723. It was a princely state of the British Raj from 1818 to 1947. It was an independent country from 1947 to 1949. At first, the capital was Islamnagar. Later the c ...

Birmingham Childrens Crusade

The Birmingham Children’s Crusade was a nonviolent protest in Birmingham, Alabama from May 2-5, 1963. This moment in history resulted in the desegregation of public facilities in Birmingham and became a launching point for March on Washington for ...

Black Hawk War

The Black Hawk War was a war between the Indians under command of Chief Black Hawk and American settlers on the frontier in 1832. It took place mostly in Illinois and Wisconsin. Several small battles were fought, including the Battle of Stillmans ...

Black Hole of Calcutta

Black Hole of Calcutta was a dungeon in old Fort William, Calcutta, India. It was 18 feet long and 14 feet wide, and had two small windows. The fort was built by the British to defend their trading interests in Calcutta. During hostilities in 175 ...

Black January

Black January, also known as Black Saturday or the January Massacre, was a massacre by the Soviet Red Army and the KGB secret police agency of peaceful Azerbaijani protesters of the Azerbaijani independence movement. It happened in Baku, Azerbaij ...

Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg is a German word which means lightning war, referring to the high velocity of a lightning bolt. In a blitzkrieg the attacking armies move very quickly, and are helped by tanks and by aircraft. Enemy slower moving units are overrun or s ...

Boer

Boer is the Dutch word for farmer which is used to call the descendants of the Dutch farmers of Southern Africa during the 1700s, as well as those who left the Cape Colony during the 1800s to live in the Orange Free State, Transvaal. They did thi ...

House of Borgia

The Borgia family were a noble family during the Renaissance in Italy. They were from Valencia, the name coming from the family fief of Borja, then in the kingdom of Aragon, in Spain. The Borgias became influential in religion and politics in the ...

Boris II of Bulgaria

Boris II of Bulgaria was an emperor of Bulgaria. He was emperor from 969 to 971. His father was Peter I of Bulgaria. When Peter died in 969, his son Boris was being held in Constantinople by the Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus II. The Byzantines app ...

Martin Bormann

Martin Ludwig Bormann was a German politician and member of the Nazi Party. He was the private secretary of Adolf Hitler. He was also a member of Hitlers Cabinet. In 1923, he took part in the Munich putsch. At this time, he became one of Hitlers ...

Borrowdale (ship)

The Borrowdale was a store ship in the First Fleet which carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. This was the start of European settlement of Australia. The Borrowdale was a ship of 275 tons which had been built at ...

Boston Police Strike

The Boston Police Strike happened in Massachusetts during 1919. Over a thousand police officers went on strike. They wanted to be paid more money. The Governor of Massachusetts, Calvin Coolidge, said it was wrong to "strike against the public saf ...

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was a protest by American colonists against King George IIIs rule in America. It happened on December 16, 1773. The Boston Tea Party was an act of protest against the British for the Tea Act, one of several new attempts to ta ...

Bourbon Restoration

The Bourbon Restoration was the return of the House of Bourbon to France after the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte. It began in 1814 after Napoleon was defeated and exiled to Elba island off the coast of Italy. Louis XVIII of France, the ...

2019 Brazil wildfires

The 2019 Brazil wildfires is the result of at least 75.336 wildfires occurred in the country since January 2019. As of August 20, there are fires burning in the Amazon rainforest in four Brazilian states: Amazonas, Rondonia, Mato Grosso and Para. ...

Empire of Brazil

The Empire of Brazil was a parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy of the nineteenth century that covered the areas of modern Brazil and Uruguay. Brazil was originally a colony of the Portuguese Empire but became its center when the Prin ...

Brezhnev Doctrine

The Brezhnev Doctrine was a policy promoted in 1968 by Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. It said that the Soviet Union had the right to use military force to maintain the strict rule of the Communist Party in nearby socialist countries. The Brezhnev ...

Briggs Initiative

California Proposition 6, also known as Briggs Initiative, was an initiative on the California state ballot on November 7, 1978. It did not pass. It was sponsored by John Briggs, a conservative state legislator from Orange County. The initiative ...

Brighton hotel bombing

The Brighton hotel bombing was an attack at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, England. It happened on 12 October 1984. A time bomb was planted in the hotel by the Provisional Irish Republican Army member Patrick Magee. The purpose was to kill Prime Mi ...

British India

British India was the area of India in South Asia which for hundreds of years was under the influence of the English. From the 1600s until 1858 these areas were run by the English East India Company. After 1858 until 1947 they became the British ...

British India Command

British India Command was the name given to the general staff of the Commander-in-Chief of British India. The Commander-in-Chief of India reported to the civilian Governor-General of India. Most of the C-in-Cs staff were based at the General Head ...

British Malaya

British Malaya is an area around the Malay Peninsula and Singapore Strait that was colonized by the British. It was the worlds largest maker of tin and rubber. There were three parts to the British Malaya; Straits Settlements, Federated Malay Sta ...

British Mandate of Palestine

The British Mandate of Palestine was a mandate of the United Kingdom in Palestine and Jordan. It began after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. It started from 1 July 1920, and operated until 1948. Britain had defeated the Ottoman for ...

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