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Oklahoma City bombing

The Oklahoma City bombing was a terrorist attack on April 19, 1995 on the U.S. government. The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, was attacked by Timothy McVeigh. The truck bombing destroyed much of the b ...

Old World

Old World is a term about the three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa, whose people knew about each other before Christopher Columbus. In 1492 Spain sent Columbus to the New World. They found Native Americans, and then they became friends and t ...

Olei Hagardom

Olei Hagardom is the name of twelve Zionist activists who was were sentenced to death in the British Mandate of Palestine. They were members of the militant groups Irgun and Lehi, who fought against Arabs and the British for an independent Israel ...

Omagh bombing

The Omagh bombing was a bomb attack by the Real Irish Republican Army in Omagh, Northern Ireland, on 15 August 1998. 29 people died and over 300 people were hurt.

Operacion Puerto doping case

The Operacion Puerto doping case is a doping investigation in Spain. It started in May of 2006. Dr. Eufemiano Fuentes is accused of giving banned doping drugs to 200 professional athletes. Fuentes doped a lot of well known tennis and football sta ...

Operation Cornflakes

The Operation Cornflakes occurred in February – March 1945 during World War II. It was a military propaganda provocation operation of the American intelligence in the enemy territory. Fake stamps similar to real issues of German postage stamps we ...

Operation Meetinghouse

Operation meetinghouse was a bombing attack by the United States against Japan on the night between the 9th and 10th of March 1945. American bombers dropped fire bombs without a specific target on the Japanese city of Tokyo. These fire bombs crea ...

Operation Searchlight

Operation Searchlight was a planned military operation by the Pakistan Army to stop the Bengali nationalist movement in East Pakistan in March of 1971. It was ordered by the government in West Pakistan. This was seen as the sequel to Operation Bl ...

Orange Free State

The Orange Free State was a country in southern Africa. It was ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the British Empire and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Natal Colony, in the Second Boer War. It became the Orange River Colon ...

Order of Lenin

The Order of Lenin, named after Vladimir Lenin, was the highest decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. The order was awarded to: Those with meritorious services to the Soviet state and society Civilians for outstanding services rendered to the ...

Orontid Dynasty

The Orontid Dynasty was the first Armenian dynasty. The Orontids established their supremacy over Armenia around the time of the invasions by the Scythians and Medes in the 6th century BC.

Osroene

Osroene, also known by the name of its capital city, Edessa, was a historic kingdom located on the present-day border of Syria and Turkey. The kingdom was Assyrian and enjoyed semi-autonomy to complete independence from the years of 132 BCE to 24 ...

Ostend manifesto

The Ostend Manifesto was an 1854 document describing the reasons for the United States to buy Cuba. Cuba was to be added as a slave state of the United States.

Ostrogoths

The Ostrogoths were the eastern branch of the later Goths. The other major branch was the Visigoths. The Ostrogoths started with the Greutungi, a branch of the Goths that moved southward from the Baltic Sea during the 3rd and the 4th centuries. T ...

2017 Ouagadougou attack

18 people were killed and more than 20 were injured when jihadists opened fire on a Turkish restaurant and hotel in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on 13 August 2017. The attackers took hostages after being cornered by police and were killed in an ensu ...

Overland Campaign

The Overland Campaign was a series of battles in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. It took place during May and June of 1864. Union general Ulysses S. Grant wanted to defeat the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Rob ...

Pakistan Declaration

The Pakistan Declaration was a pamphlet published in January 1933 by Choudhary Rahmat Ali in which the word Pakistan was used for the first time. The pamphlet was written when Pakistan was part of British India. The pamphlet asked that "the five ...

Pakistan Stock Exchange attack

On 29 June 2020, the Balochistan Liberation Army separatist militants attacked the Pakistan Stock Exchange building in Karachi with grenades and by firing their guns. They killed three security guards and a police sub-inspector. They injured seve ...

Pala Empire

The Pala Empire was a dynasty in control of the northern and eastern Indian subcontinent, mainly the Bihar and Bengal regions, from the 8th to the 12th century. The name Pala means "protector" and was used as an ending to the names of all Pala mo ...

Palatinate-Neuburg

Palatinate-Neuburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire until 1806. It lasted from 1505–1808. The capital of Palatinate-Neuburg was Neuburg an der Donau.

Pallava dynasty

The Pallavas dynasty rose in Tamil Nadu during the seventh century under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I. The Pallavas were not a recognised political power before the second century. After the fall of the Satavahanas, they ...

Palm Sunday church bombings

On Palm Sunday, 9 April 2017, twin suicide bombings at St. George’s Church in the northern Egyptian city of Tanta on the Nile delta, and Saint Marks Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, the principal church in Alexandria, seat of the Coptic papacy. In the ...

Paris Peace Treaties, 1947

The Paris Peace Conference resulted in the Paris Peace Treaties signed on February 10, 1947. The victorious wartime Allied powers negotiated the details of treaties with Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland. The treaties allowed Italy, ...

Parliament of Great Britain

The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707. This was because of the ratification of the Acts of Union 1707 by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. The acts created a new unified Kingdom of Great Britain and disso ...

Parsons Green train bombing

On 15 September 2017, at around 8:20 am BST, an explosion occurred on a District line train at Parsons Green tube station, in London, England. Twenty-nine people were injured and later treated in hospital. The main injuries were burn injuries. Th ...

Patria disaster

The SS Patria was an passenger ship that sank in the Mediterranean Sea on 25 November 1940. It was sailing from the port of Haifa. It was carrying about 1.800 Jewish refugees from Europe during World War II. The British government were deporting ...

Murder of Samuel Paty

The murder of Samuel Paty was a terrorist attack that took place on 16 October 2020 in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, near Paris. Paty was a French secondary school teacher, and he was killed and then beheaded by an Islamist terrorist, Abdoullakh Abou ...

Peace and Truce of God

The Peace of God was a movement begun by bishops in southern France around 990 CE to limit the violence done to property and to the unarmed. The Carolingian Empire had collapsed and the nobles were making war almost all the time. The Truce of God ...

Peace of Augsburg

The Peace of Augsburg, 1555, was a temporary settlement of religious conflict in the Holy Roman Empire. Each prince could now decide whether Lutheranism or Roman Catholicism was to prevail in his land. The sides began fighting again in 1618 in wh ...

Peace of Paris (1814)

The Peace of Paris was a peace accord that ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition. Napoleon was defeated, and driven into exile on Elba. It restored the Burbons in France, and defined the borders of modern-day France.

Peasants Revolt

The Peasants Revolt was a rebellion of peasants in England, in 1381. It was the biggest rebellion of farmers in medieval England. The causes of the rebellion are unclear today, but there are different candidates: There was a large epidemic of the ...

Pechenegs

The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a semi-nomadic Turkic people of the Central Asian steppes speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Turkic language family.

Peninsula Campaign

The Peninsula Campaign was a series of battles during the American Civil War. The campaign happened from March to July 1862. The Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by George B. McClellan, tried to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Vi ...

Peninsular War

The Peninsular War was a war between the first French Empire and the Spanish Empire for control of what is now Spain and Portugal. The war began when French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807. It became more serious in 1808 ...

Penns Creek Massacre

The Penns Creek Massacre was a massacre committed by Delaware Indians on 16 October 1755. It happened near what is present day Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. Made bold by Braddocks defeat on July 9, Indians killed and pillaged along the Pennsylvania ...

Pequot War

The Pequot War was fought between the Pequot tribe and settlers of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies. The settlers were helped by Native American groups including the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes. Hundreds of people were k ...

Peshtigo Fire

The Peshtigo Fire was a great fire in on October, 8, 1871 in Peshtigo, a town in Wisconsin in the United States. It was a natural disaster. The fire killed between 1.500 people and 2.700 people. Occurring on the same day as the more famous Great ...

2020 Petrinja earthquake

At 12:20 PM CET on 29 December 2020, an earthquake of magnitude 6.4 M w hit the Sisak-Moslavina County, Croatia, with an epicenter 3 km west-southwest of Petrinja. Seven people were confirmed dead, while 26 others were injured, with six having se ...

Pharaoh

Pharaohs were kings of ancient Egypt. The word comes from the Coptic language word Per-aa, which means "Great House". Pharaohs were believed to be descended from the gods. The Valley of the Nile had been lived in by early humans for at least 700. ...

Philadelphia Brigade

The Philadelphia Brigade was a brigade in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It got its name because its soldiers came from the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was part of the Army of the Potomac.

Philippine Revolution

This article is about a late 19th-century revolution. For a late 20th-century event, also called "Philippine Revolution", see EDSA Revolution of 1986 revolution of the philippine. The Philippine Revolution was an armed conflict between the Spanis ...

Philistines

The Philistines were a people described in the Bible. During the Judges period they were one of the Israelites most dangerous enemies. Biblical scholars have connected the Philistines to other biblical groups such as Caphtorim and the Cherethites ...

Phoenicia

Phoenicia was a civilization to the north of Canaan. Phoenicia existed from 1200 to 900 BC. People from Phoenicia had their own language called the Phoenician language, which is important to many modern languages. They wrote with an alphabet from ...

Phoenician alphabet

The Phoenician alphabet was an alphabetic script that was used in the territories of modern-day Lebanon, Syria and Palestine from about the 12th century to the 5th century BC. It was written right to left. Only consonant sounds are written down, ...

Phoenician language

Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal Mediterranean region then called "Canaan" in Phoenician, Arabic, Greek, and Aramaic. It was called "Phoenicia" in Greek and Latin. The ancient Egyptians called it Pūt ". Phoenician is a S ...

Photios I of Constantinople

Photios I was born c. 810 or 820 in Constantinople and died 891 in Bordi. He was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 858 to 867 and from 877 to 886. In the Eastern Orthodox churches he is called St. Photios the Great. Photios a powerf ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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