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Mahinda V

Mahinda V was King of Anuradhapura in the 10th and 11th centuries. He was the last king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, and the last from the House of Lambakanna II. In 993, Anuradhapura was invaded and captured by the Chola, under the command of Ra ...

Osip Mandelstam

Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam was a Russian poet and essayist. Mandelstam was born in Warsaw, to a rich Jewish family. In 1900 Mandelstam entered the prestigious Tenishevsky school, which also counts Vladimir Nabokov and other significant figures of ...

Manuel Noriega

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno was a Panamanian politician and general. Noriega went to high school and had a career in the army. He was the de facto ruler of Panama between 12 August 1983 and 20 December 1989. In 1992, a United States court convi ...

Slobodan Praljak

Slobodan Praljak was a Bosnian Croat engineer, movie and theatre director and army general. He was a general in the Croatian Army and the Croatian Defence Council, an army of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia. In 2013, he was one of six Bosn ...

Jan de Quay

Jan Eduard de Quay was a Dutch politician of the Catholic Peoples Party. De Quay studied psychology at Utrecht University and was a professor at Tilburg University. During the beginning of World War II - from 1940 to 1941 - he was one of the thre ...

Wim Schermerhorn

Willem "Wim" Schermerhorn was a Dutch politician. He was originally a member of the Free-thinking Democratic League VDB and later of the Labour Party PvdA. He was prime minister of the Netherlands from 1945 till 1946, a member of the Second Chamb ...

Lauri Torni

Lauri Allan Torni, later known as Larry Thorne, was a Finnish Army captain. He led an infantry company in the Finnish Winter and Continuation Wars. After the wars, he moved to the United States. He then joined the American Army. He is known as th ...

Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh

Rajneesh was an Indian mystic, guru, and spiritual teacher. Among many gurus who brought forms of yoga to the West, he is one of the most notable. He freely invented yogic and tantric practices, characteristics of Neo-Hinduism that began to emerg ...

Gung Ye

Gung Ye was the Korean Goryeo Dynastys first King. He was a Silla noble. His family name was Kim, but was changed to Gung. His first name was Seonjong.

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Johann Mendel was an Austrian monk and botanist. He founded genetics by his work cross-breeding pea plants. He discovered dominant and recessive characters genes from the crosses he performed on the plants in his greenhouse. What he learnt ...

Millvina Dean

Elizabeth Gladys Millvina Dean was, at age 97, the last living survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic that occurred April 15, 1912. She was the youngest person to be on the ship, and did not remember anything about the sinking. She was two mo ...

Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon

Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon was a British fashion designer in late 19th and early 20th centuries. She used the professional name Lucile as a designer. Duff-Gordon was a widely known innovator in couture styles and in fashion industry relations. Duff-G ...

Archibald Gracie IV

Colonel Archibald Gracie IV was an American writer, amateur historian, real estate investor, and survivor of the sinking of the R.M.S Titanic. He survived the sinking by climbing aboard an overturned lifeboat. He wrote a popular book about the di ...

J. Bruce Ismay

Joseph Bruce Ismay was an English businessman. He was chairman and managing director of the White Star Line. He was known as the man who created the RMS Titanic. He was one of the survivors, but because he survived many people thought he was afra ...

Aristocracy

Aristocracy is a kind of government that puts power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class. In Ancient Greek, the word aristocracy means the rule of the best, but it has come to be linked with rule by Nobility. There are different kinds ...

Debutante

A debutante is a young woman who is first introduced into society. In former times, these young ladies would be part of nobility, or the upper class. Originally, the term meant the young person was now old enough to be married. The purpose of the ...

Family

A family is a group of people who, in most cases, live together. They share their money and food and are supposed to take care of one another. Its members are either genetically related or legally bound to each other, for example by marriage. In ...

Mass Gathering Medicine

Mass Gathering Medicine is a field of medicine which deals with health effects/risks of mass gatherings, that generate a higher incidence of injury and illness, may be the subject to a catastrophic accident or attack with large numbers of injured ...

Nouveau riche

The word nouveau riche in English is used in a pejorative manner to describe people who managed to accumulate a large sum of money and wealth within their own generation, unlike the vieux riche, whose net worth was acquired through inheritance an ...

Nuclear family

A nuclear family is a type of family unit. It is made up of a husband, a wife, and their children. Not everyone agrees on what a nuclear family is. Some people say that a nuclear family does not include stepchildren or adopted children. Others sa ...

Second-class citizen

A second - class citizen is a person who is discriminated by their country, even though they are a citizen or legal resident. Second-class citizenry is usually seen as a violation of human rights. African-Americans who lived in the United States ...

Working class

Working class is a term used to describe people in society who have jobs which are not academic or highly paid. Theyre usually jobs which are physical, especially when they are paid an hourly wage. Different societies will have different ideas ab ...

Time Person of the Year

Person of the Year is an issue of the United States magazine Time that has come out each year since 1927. Until 1999, it was called "Man of the Year." The "Person of the Year" is not always a person. It can be a person, group, idea, or thing that ...

Konrad Adenauer

Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer). From 1949 to 1963 he was the first Bundeskanzler of the Federal Republic of Germany and from 1951 to 1955 was foreign secretary the same time. Adenauer was the third of five children of a court secretary in Cologne ...

Corazon Aquino

Maria Corazon Sumulong "Cory" Cojuangco-Aquino was a Filipina politician who was the 11th President of the Philippines, the first woman to hold that office, and the first female president in Asia. She is known as The Mother of Philippine Democrac ...

Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat is best known as the first leader of the Palestinian people. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization from 1969 to 2004. In 1993 he also became president of the Palestinian National Authority. Arafat was born in Jeru ...

Baby boomer

The term baby boomer most commonly refers to people born during the years 1946 to 1964 worldwide. In Canada it is anyone born between 1960 and 1980. Australia identifies baby boomers as those born between 1946 and 1961. Generally, after 1960 the ...

Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt was a German chancellor from 1969 until 1974. He was born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm in Lubeck, Germany. He was the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany 1964–1987 and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. He died on 8 October 19 ...

George H. W. Bush

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician. He was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Before he became president, he was the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989, an ambassador, a congressm ...

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese nationalist politician and military leader who was President of the Republic of China, born in Xikou on October 31, 1887. His father was a merchant who died when Chiang was eight years old. Chiang became an officer i ...

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH TD FRS PC was an English politician. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom twice, once during World War II, and again in the early 1950s. Churchill is the only person to have been a member of t ...

Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiǎoping listen was an important Chinese revolutionary, politician and reformer. He was the leader of the Communist Party of China. Deng never held office as the head of state or the head of government, but was the de facto leader of the Peo ...

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight David Ike Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 to 1961. He was known across the world for his help leading the Allied invasions in World War II.

Betty Ford

Elizabeth Anne Ford was the widow of Gerald R. Ford, the 38th President of the United States. She was the First Lady of the United States from 1974 to 1977.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Sindhi: 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a leader of nationalism in British-ruled India. He is more commonly called Mahatma Gandhi ; mahatma is an honorific meaning "great-soul" or "venerable" in Sanskrit. He was f ...

Charles de Gaulle

General Charles-Andre-Joseph-Marie de Gaulle was a French military and political leader. He was president of France from 1959 to 1969, and was a founding member and leader of the French Resistance during the Second World War. He died of an aneury ...

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and the leader of Nazi Germany. He became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, after a democratic election in 1932. He became Fuhrer of Nazi Germany in 1934. Hitler led the Nazi Party NSDAP from 1921. When in power ...

Hungarian Revolution of 1956

The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 or Hungarian Uprising of 1956 was a spontaneous nationwide revolt. It was against the government of the Hungarian Peoples Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies. It lasted from 23 October until 10 November 1956. ...

Pope John XXIII

Saint Pope John XXIII, born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 262nd Pope from 1958 to 1963.

Pope John Paul II

Pope John Paul II, sometimes called Saint John Paul or John Paul the Great, born Karol Jozef Wojtyla, was the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church from 16 October 1978 to his death in 2 April 2005. He was the second longest-serving pope in history. ...

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson was a member of the Democratic Party and the 36th president of the United States serving from 1963 to 1969. Johnson took over as president when President Kennedy was killed in November 1963. He was then re-elected in the 196 ...

Jamal Khashoggi

Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi was a Saudi Arabian journalist and Washington Post columnist, author and the former general manager and editor-in-chief of Al Arab News Channel. Khashoggi was kept hostage in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on 2 October 2018 ...

Ayatollah Khomeini

Ayatollah Khomeini was born Sayyed Ruhollah Mustafavi Khomeini, 24 September 1902 in Khomein, Central Iran, and died 3 June 1989). He was also known as Imam Khomeini. Khomein was the political leader of the Islamic Revolution in 1979. Khomeini wa ...

Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. He ruled from 1953–1964.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He was best known for improving civil rights by using nonviolent civil disobedience, based on his Christian beliefs. Because he was b ...

Charles Lindbergh

Charles Augustus Lindbergh, known as "Lucky Lindy" and "The Lone Eagle", was a pioneering United States airplane pilot. He became famous for making the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.

Me Too movement

Me Too is a viral two-word hashtag used on social media in October 2017 to reject sexual assault and harassment, in the wake of sexual misconduct allegations against movie producer and executive Harvey Weinstein. The phrase, long used in this sen ...

Mohammad Mosaddegh

Mohammad Mosaddegh was an Iranian politician. He was elected Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 until 1953. He was also an author, administrator, lawyer, and parliamentarian. On 19 August 1953 Mosaddegh was removed from office by the American Centr ...

Richard Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon was an American politician. He served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974, when he became the only president to resign. Before that, Nixon was a Republican U.S. Representative and Senator fr ...

Linus Pauling

Linus Carl Pauling was an American scientist, peace activist, author and educator. He was one of the most important chemists in history. Pauling was one of the first scientists to work in quantum chemistry, molecular biology and orthomolecular me ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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