ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 66

Compost

Compost is a type of fertilizer that is made from rotting plants. It is easy and cheap to make, as all it really requires is vegetable waste. The vegetable waste is broken down by bacteria, and made into compost.

Dairy farming

Dairy farming is a type of agriculture that is focused on producing milk. This is different from raising animals to produce meat. Milk can be used to produce dairy products, including cheese. Species commonly used are cows, but goats, sheep and c ...

Domestication

Domestication is a change that happens in wild animals or plants, when they are kept by humans for a long time. The Latin term literally means "to make it suitable for home". If humans take wild animals and plants and keep and breed them, over ti ...

Drainage

Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. Many agricultural soils need drainage to improve production or to manage water supplies.

Famine

Famine is a situation where most people do not have enough food to eat. Without food, the human body grows weaker and weaker until the person becomes very sick or dies. In poor countries with much subsistence farming such as in parts of Africa an ...

Fertilizer

A fertilizer is a chemical that helps plants to grow. It is used to replace the mineral salts taken by plants or removed/washed away by rain. Common fertilizers: Compost Urea Ammonia Manure Animal waste which was the first fertilizer. The importa ...

Fish farm

A fish farm is a place where fish are bred. In most cases, this is done for food. There are two basic types of fish farms: Those where fish are raised in specially prepared areas of the oceans, lakes or rivers. Those where the fish are raised in ...

Fish hatchery

A fish hatchery is where fish are hatched and cared for, usually to be released in natural waters. They may also be transferred to Fish farms and raised for food. Fish hatcheries and farms are either commercial or run by a state, province, or cou ...

Ghana National Farmers Day

Ghana National Farmers Day is a national holiday in the Republic of Ghana. It is an annual celebration of farmers and fishermen, celebrated on the first Friday of December.

Green manure

Typically, a green manure crop is grown for a specific period, and then plowed under and incorporated into the soil. Green manures usually perform several functions, that include soil improvement and soil protection: Some green manure crops, when ...

Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was a spread of technology by Norman Borlaug, who earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 and is held to have saved over a billion people from starving to death, from the 1930s to the 1960s. It was made up of the creation of dif ...

Hay

Hay is grass and other plants that have been cut, dried and collected. It can then be stored in piles, or tied into blocks called bales. Bales can be round or box shaped. Hay is mostly used to feed animals. Some animals that eat hay are horses, c ...

Herding

Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group. It is maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place. Many thousands of years ago herding became a way of life for many nomadic people. Today it is still a n ...

Humus

Humus is the organic matter in the soil. It is made of dead parts of plants and animals. Humus takes in water and has plenty of nutrients. Nitrogen is the most important. Plants put roots into the soil to get the water and nutrients. Humus is goo ...

Hydroponics

Hydroponics or Hydroculture is the method of growing plants in the nutrients that they need instead of soil. The plant foods are simply put into water instead and it makes a solution for the plants to live in. Vegetables, flowers and herbs can al ...

Insecticide

An insecticide is a poison made to kill insects and spiders. Insects are very tough animals that have adapted to a great variety of settings. Therefore, the poison used to kill them is also deadly to humans. There can be great danger of eating pe ...

Intensive farming

Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is a kind of agriculture where a lot of money and labour are used to increase the yield that can be obtained per area of land. The use of large amounts of pesticides for crops, and of medication for anim ...

Intercropping

Intercropping is growing two or more crops next to each other at the same time. The main purpose of intercropping is to produce more crops in a given area. It also makes use of resources that would otherwise not be used by a single crop. Crops ar ...

International Food Policy Research Institute

The International Food Policy Research Institute is an international agricultural research center to improve the understanding of national agricultural and food policies to promote the adoption of innovations in agricultural technology. Additiona ...

Irrigation

Irrigation is when people add water to plants, to help them grow when there is not enough rain. Irrigation water can be pumped from rivers, natural lakes or lakes created by dams, from wells or allowed to flow to the fields by the force of gravit ...

Manure

Manure is organic matter used as fertilizer in agriculture. Manures improve the fertility of the soil by adding organic matter and lots of nutrients, such as nitrogen that is trapped by bacteria in the soil. Higher organisms then feed on the fung ...

Mastic

Mastic is a resin that comes from the mastic tree, Pistacia lentiscus. The tree grows in the Mediterranean region. In pharmacies and nature shops, it is called "Arabic gum". The resin is harvested in various places, especially the Greek island of ...

Milk Marketing Board

The Milk Marketing Board was an agency of the British government. The Board bought all of the milk in England and Wales from dairy farmers and passed it on to be processed and sold. This way small farmers always got a fair price, because no big p ...

Monoculture

Monoculture is growing a single crop in a large area. Farmers decide what is the best crop, and grow only that. This is very common in modern agriculture, as it simplifies the farm and allows relatively few people to harvest large amounts. Monocu ...

Neolithic revolution

The Neolithic revolution was the first agricultural revolution. It was a gradual change from nomadic hunting and gathering communities to agriculture and settlement. It changed the way of life of the communities which made the change. It occurred ...

Organic farms

Organic farmers usually use animal manure respectively organic substances rather than man-made chemical fertilizers which add extra nutrients to the soil. Organic foods are unique to the way other products are produced as chemically treated food ...

Ornamental plant

An ornamental plant is a plant that is grown for how it looks, and not for its commercial or other value. The term is often shortened to ornamental when used in the context of plants. Ornamental plants are usually grown in the flower garden, or a ...

Plant breeding

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding can be done by many different techniques. Plants with desirable characteristics for propagation can be selected. More comple ...

Plantation

A plantation is a large farm which is specialized on farming one type of crop. Plantations grow cash crops, mostly for export, and less for local use. Crops grown on plantations include banana, sugarcane, coffee, tea, cotton and tobacco. Some of ...

Pyrenean Shepherd

The Pyrenean Shepherd is a medium-small breed of dog. It comes from the South of France, in the Pyrenees Mountains. The Pyrenean Shepherd is a herding dog. The breed in the northern part of the mountains, where the climate is colder, was original ...

Rock flour

Rock flour, or glacial flour, consists of clay-sized particles of rock, generated by glacial erosion or by artificial grinding to a similar size. Because the material is very small, it is suspended in river water making the water appear cloudy. I ...

Rose garden

A Rose garden or Rosarium is a garden or park, often open to the public, in which roses are grown. While some rose gardens have only a decorative purpose, most of them are used to present and grow various types of roses. The first known rose gard ...

Yacouba Sawadogo

Yacouba Sawadogo is a farmer from Burkina Faso, a country in West Africa. He has been using a traditional farming technique called Zaï to help soil damaged by drought. He is notable for spreading an improved soil and water conservation practice i ...

Scarecrow

A scarecrow is a figure usually made of sticks. It looks like a human being. It is dressed in old clothes. A farmer puts a scarecrow in a field after he has planted seeds. He hopes the scarecrow will frighten birds away from the field. Some birds ...

Sericulture

Sericulture, also called silk farming, is the process of making silk fibers. It starts by raising silkworms and then processing the fibers they produce. Silk fibers are combined into silk thread. The thread can then be twisted into silk yarn or w ...

Sharecropping

Sharecropping is a term for when one person farms another persons land, and then the two share what is produced. Sharecroppers are almost always poor, and are often in debt to landowners or other people. Sharecropping was very common in the South ...

Shifting cultivation

Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which areas of land are cultivated for a short time.Shifting cultivation is practised in the thickly forested areas of Amazon basin,tropical Africa,parts of southeast Asia and northeast India. The ...

Slash-and-burn

Slash-and-burn is a technique that has been used for thousands of years. Usually at the start of the dry season, a plot of land is cleared of its vegetation. Very often, this is done manually, for example using machetes. This can take a long time ...

Soil erosion

Soil erosion is the washing or blowing away of the top layer of soil. This is a serious problem for farmers. If the soil has eroded, the crops that make food will not grow very well. Soil erosion was a big problem in the Midwestern United States ...

Stile

A stile is a simple wooden structure which helps people to climb over a fence in the countryside. Where there is a footpath which goes through a field with animals, there may be a stile so that walkers can climb over out of the field. The stile i ...

Subsistence farming

Subsistence farming is the kind of farming done by farmers who have small plots, enough only for themselves. Literally, subsistence agriculture means no extra food is produced to sell or trade. This means farming doesnt give them money to buy thi ...

System of Rice Intensification

The System of Rice Intensification is a way to grow rice. This plan for farming may grow more rice in the same field. It uses less water, takes more work, and uses younger seedlings spaced apart. SRI calls for hand weeding with special tools. It ...

Terrace farming

Terrace farming is a method of farming that consists of different "steps" or terraces that were developed in various places around the world. The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras is a World Heritage Site. It dates back two thousand yea ...

Water gardens

A water garden is a garden in which the chief thing, interest, and attraction is water and plants that live in water. The water may be put in a fountain, a pond, a waterfall, or other. Water have been built for thousands of years. It was natural ...

Zaï

Zaï is a technique used in agriculture. Holes are dug in the soil to catch water. They have been used in the western Sahel area to make soil healthier and grow more plants. Yacouba Sawadogo, a farmer from Burkina Faso, is bringing back zaï holes. ...

Zaigers Genetics

Zaigers Genetics is an American company that breeds fruit trees. They are in Modesto, California. They have created fruits such as the Aprium, the Nectarcot, Peacotum and the pluot. They are dedicated to improving fruit worldwide. In 2009 Floyd Z ...

Barcode

A barcode is a way of storing numbers printed in a way that a computer can easily read. The first barcodes stored the numbers using lines. The first use of barcodes was to label railroad rolling stock. They became a big success when they were use ...

Pastel

A pastel is an art colour in the form of a stick. It is made of pure powdered pigment and a binder which holds it together. Pastels have been used by artists since the Renaissance. The pigments used in pastels are the same as those used to produc ...

Cosmetics

Cosmetics are products used to make the human body look different. Often cosmetics are used to make someone more attractive to one person, or to a culture or sub-culture. In Western culture, women are the main users of cosmetics. Their use by men ...

Blackface

Blackface is a kind of costume or make up. Non-Black performers wear blackface so that they can represent racist images of a Black or Afrcan American person. Blackface became popular in the 19th century especially during Reconstruction after the ...

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →