ⓘ Criticism of Christianity
Since its beginning, Christianity has been criticized by people in all professions and by people of all other religions. The reason for the criticism varies: many Christians have followed the Bible in criticising homosexuality, abortion and many other hot button issues. Also, Christianity may be rejected because of lack of interest, due to abuse of Christianity, or some just prefer to not convert into it.
1. Criticism of writings
Beginning with the Enlightenment, in the 18th century, people began to apply methods of text criticism they had also applied to other documents, and philosophical writings. This form of criticism uses reason, rather than revelations to study texts. There are four primary types of Biblical criticism: form, traditional, higher and lower criticism.
- Lower criticism: the discipline and study of the actual wording of the Bible; a quest for textual purity and understanding.
- Higher criticism: the study of the sources and literary methods employed by the biblical authors.
- Form criticism tries to find the earlier oral traditions on which the texts were based.
- Tradition criticism studies the Bible and looks at how traditions have changed over time.
Conservative Christians, as well as much of Orthodox Judaism and Karaite Judaism, support the idea that the Bible is historically accurate. Moderate and liberal Christians generally think the Bible texts are historical, and reliable. They do however think that certain passages should not be read literally, but metaphorically.
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